and Leisure Activities in New Century
When the government announced in January 1998
that there would be two days off every other weekend,
the new century of leisure activities for the
general public was unfolded. At a time when leisure
activities have become an essential means to relieve
stress for the general public, this Council is
dedicated to creating a sound and healthy cultural
environment in order to allow the general public
to enjoy knowledgeable and sensational vacations.
In an effort to provide sufficient cultural and
leisure information and to assist the general
public to take part in cultural learning and benefit
from cultural activities, this Council is now
promoting "Cultural Tours for the 2-day Weekend"
and preparing a guide manual for cultural activities.
The cultural centers of the hsiens/cities across
Taiwan will handle related projects.
This book contains the cultural
characteristics and folklore of all regions in
Taiwan furnished by the cultural centers together
with in-depth description of practical travel
information and the rich cultural of Taiwan for
the general public's choice of leisure activities.
We also hope that we can make the cultural arts
become a part of people's life by integrating
culture and leisure activities, thereby upgrading
our people's quality of life and creating a better
society in the turn of century.
Pursuant to Article 3 of the "Cultural Asset
Preservation Law", the term "Cultural
Assets" includes ancient objects, historic
sites, ancient arts, folklore, and related cultural
objects, as well as natural and cultural scenarios.
As stated in the "Manual for survey of artistic
resources" published by the Council for Cultural
Affairs, "artistic resources" includes
living and temple culture, food & beverage
traditions, settlement architecture, cultural
establishment, anthropological sites, music, drama,
folklore, sports, dances, fine arts and handicrafts,
traditional literature, and aboriginal culture.
This manual contains highlights for visitors and
is designed in accordance with the preceding
ification.In a subjective sense, Taoyuan
Hsien is a major cultural area in Taiwan with
the following features:
(1) Diversified cultural
background: the population in Taoyuan Hsien
is fairly divided into
Fukienese, Hakka, and military dependents. There
are quit a few aborigines (especially from the
Tai-ya Tribe and Ping-pu Tribe) in Taoyuan Hsien
as well. As an industrial district in northern
Taiwan, Taoyuan Hsien is home to a number of foreigners.
As such, Taoyuan Hsien possesses a unique culture
based on its multi-cultural background.
(2) Profound ecological
environment: Taoyuan Hsien possesses diversified
landforms including mountains, plateaus, plains,
valleys, coast, and ocean. The immigrants made
use of their knowledge to cope with the varied
climate and geographic environments; and thus
created the unique spiritual and materialistic
cultures of Taoyuan Hsien.
(3) Long history:
in the early days aborigines hunted wild animals
and farmed dry
farmlands, and Han people farmed rice fields.
Now factories and schools are located everywhere
in Taoyuan Hsien.
During the long history of development, a number
of incidents took place due to the control of
resources and political, and ideological differences
between Han people and Ping-pu tribesmen, Han
people and Tai-ya tribesmen, Fukien immigrants
and Hakka immigrants, and between Han people and
Japanese. All incidents are etched in history.
These unique characteristics gave birth to the
versatile and rich cultural heritage of Taoyuan
Hsien. The discovery, summarization, and management
of cultural assets require a long period of time
before tangible achievements become visible. As
such, this manual contains well-known information
only. There is a large quantity of valuable information
yet to be discovered. We urge all people of all
walks of life in Taoyuan Hsien to work with us
hand in hand in order to our cultural heritage
known to us all.
This manual is made possible with the contributions
of cultural experts and their knowledge
regarding cultural assets of Taoyuan Hsien. It
helps the citizens of Taoyuan and the general
public to understand the cultural assets of Taoyuan
Hsien, and thereby cherish what we jointly possess
at this moment. For this purpose, this manual
is written in an easy-to-read, condensed, and
lively manner together with advanced fine art
editing to allow readers to easily understand
Taoyuan's culture. Readers
may obtain additional information by the following
(1) purchasing cultural
assets-related books at bookstores, (2) checking
reference materials at cultural centers or libraries
(3) attending seminars or speeches regarding cultural
assets, (4) inquiring with experts and scholars
affiliated with agencies and associations concerning
cultural assets, and (5) inquiring with the sponsor
and owner of cultural activities.
This manual consists of two categories - general
description and all Shiang/cities/towns. The
general description contains the information of
Taoyuan Hsien and the information belonging to
more than two Shiang/cities/towns. The table of
content includes natural scenery, ancient remains
and historic buildings, and aborigines in chronological
order. All items are written in a different manner
due to diversified backgrounds.
The item of ancient remains and historic buildings
contains the following information:
and area, (2) construction years, (3) transportation,
(4) concerns for visitors, (5) main articles (description
of geographical and historical background, description
of objects, summarization of characteristics,
problems at current stages, as well as the current
status of use), and (6) author.
for visitors attending cultural activities:
(1) Time: most activities
are held during
regular hours. Visitors are advised to inquire
about the schedule beforehand. Secondly, some
ancient remains and historic buildings are now
in use. Visitors are asked not to disturb residents
or users and to respect their privacy.
(2) Property rights:
certain cultural resources are possessed by individuals
or corporations. Visitors are advised to obtain
the owner's approval before visitation.
prepare cameras, video cameras, water containers,
and note books before visits. If you intend to
hike on the ancient paths, check your physical
conditions first. Do not go there unprepared.
maintain good manners during your visit. Do not
scream. Do not take photos unless you obtain permission
in advance. Do not bring your pets unless you
are allowed to do so. Do not litter. Do not eat
when you walk. Listen to the guide's explanation
closely. Do not pick up any objects. Do not break
any objects. Do not write or carve on the walls
or trees. Do not pick flowers. Do not park your
cars in undesignated areas.
The visitors can be either recreational or study
visitors. Study visitors are advised to prepare
notebooks and cameras in advance to record activities
together with time, location, participants, and
significance of activities, then organize all
details into books at a later stage. Visits at
certain locations, such as temples, visitors may
record the text of tablets, history of temple,
gods, and temple calendar in their notebooks.
Visitors will benefit from such recordings.